The nutritional supplement of JOINTACE Chondroitin Vitabiotics contains two tablets per 1000mg 400mg sulfate glucosamine and chondroitin sulphate. Glucosamine sulfate and chondroitin sulfate are structural components of articular cartilage. Glucosamine sulfate contributes to the mobility and flexibility of cartilage, ligaments and tendons while reducing pain by reducing inflammation in those sections. Chondroitin sulfate involved in maintaining the lubricating properties in liquids joints and prevents the action of enzymes that degrade cartilage, contributing to the mobility, elasticity and flexibility of the joints. It is also a powerful anti-inflammatory and therefore reduces joint pain. It has been shown that glucosamine sulfate and chondroitin sulfate act synergistically to achieve reconstruction and repair of cartilage. In JOINTACE Chondroitin is also included ginger, has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, helping to reduce pain, maintain mobility and protection from the stiffness of the joints. Vitamins and minerals contribute to healthy joints through their involvement in pathways of inflammation through their antioxidant or through their contribution to bone health and calcium metabolism.